#### CPIStatistical indicator

A statistical indicator is a data element that represents statistical data for a specified time, place, and other characteristics.

#### Statistical macro data

Observation data gained by a purposeful aggregation of statistical micro data conforming to statistical methodology.

#### Intermediate consumption

Intermediate consumption consists of the value of the goods and services consumed as inputs by a process of production, excluding fixed assets whose consumption is recorded as consumption of fixed capital; the goods or services may be either transformed or used up by the production process.

#### Depreciation

Depreciation as usually calculated in business accounts is a method of allocating the costs of past expenditures on fixed assets over subsequent accounting periods; note that the depreciation methods favoured in business accounting and those prescribed by tax authorities almost invariably deviate from the concept of consumption of fixed capital employed in the SNA and so the term ‘consumption’ of fixed capital’ is used in the SNA to distinguish it from ‘depreciation’ as typically measured in business accounts.

#### Green GDP

Green GDP is a popular term for environmentally adjusted gross domestic product.

Statistical metadata are data about statistical data. Metadata describe statistical data and – to some extent – processes and tools involved in the production and usage of statistical data.

#### Statistical methodology

Theory and methods of data collection, processing and analysis.

#### Balance of payments

The balance of payments is a statistical statement that systematically summarises, for a specific time period; the economic transactions of an economy with the rest of the world.

#### Price index

A price index reflects an average of the proportionate changes in the prices of a specified set of goods and services between two periods of time.

#### Work in process

Investment of work in progress consist of goods and services that are partially completed but that are not usually turned over the other units without further processing or that are not mature and whose production process will be continued in a subsequent period by the same producer.

#### Producer’s price

A producer’s price is the amount receivable by the producer from the purchase for a unit of a good or service produced as output minus any VAT, or similar deductible tax, invoiced to the purchaser; it excludes any transport charges invoiced separately by the producer.

#### Purchase’s price

The purchaser’s price is the amount paid by the purchaser, excluding any deductible VAT or similar deductible tax, in order to take delivery of a unit of a good service at the time and place required by the purchaser; the purchaser’s price of a good includes any transport charges paid separately by the purchaser to take delivery at the time and place.

#### Head – count index of poverty

The proportion of household living under poverty line in the whole household. H=q/n H – Head count index q – Number of poor people n – Population

#### Demographic transition

The historical shift of birth and death rates from high to low levels in a population. The decline of mortality usually precedes the decline in fertility, thus resulting in rapid population growth during the transition period.

#### Census

A canvass of a given area, resulting in an enumeration of the entire population and often the compilation of other demographic, social, and economic information pertaining to that population at a specific time.

#### Output produced for own final use

Output produced for own final use consists of goods or services that are retained for their own final use by the owners of the enterprises in which they are produced.

#### Weights

A set of numbers summing to unity that are used to calculate averages. In a CPI context, the weights are generally actual or hybrid expenditure shares that sum to unity by definition . They are used to average price relatives, or elementary price indices. The quantities that make up a basket should therefore not be described as quantity weights.

#### Market prices

Market prices for transactions are the amounts of money willing buyers pay to acquire something from willing sellers.

#### Net domestic product

Net domestic product /NDP/ is obtained by deducting the consumption of fixed capital from gross domestic product.

Net value added is the value of output less the values of both intermediate consumption of fixed capital from gross domestic product.

#### Age

Completed years of age as of last birth date, based, if possible, on replies to a question on month and year of birth.

#### Age – sex specific divorce rate

Number of divorce by age at divorce per 1000 married women (men) of the age population of that year.

#### Age dependency ratio

The number of dependants (the population below 15 and over 64 years) per 100 working age population.

#### Age – sex structure

The composition of a population as determined by the number or proportion of males and females in each age category. The age-sex structure of a population is the cumulative result of past trends in fertility, mortality, and migration.

#### Age – specific rate

Rate obtained for specific age groups (for example, age – specific fertility rate, marriage rate , literacy rate, or school enrollment rate).

#### Aging of population

A process in which the proportions of adults and elderly increase in a population, while the proportions of children and adolescents decrease. This progress results in a rise in the median age of the population. Aging occurs when fertility rates decline while life expectancy remains constant or improves at the older ages.

#### Child- woman ration

The number of children under age 5 per 1000 women ages 15-44 or 15-49 in a population in a given year. (number of children aged 0-5/women ages 15-49)*1000

#### Demographic transition

The historical shift of birth and death rates from high to low levels in population. The decline of mortality usually precedes the decline in fertility, thus resulting in rapid population growth during the transition period.

#### Demography

The scientific study of human populations, including their sizes, compositions, distributions, densities, growth, and consequences of changes in these factors.

#### Divorce rate (or crude divorce rate)

The number of divorces per 1000 population in a given year.

#### Life expectancy at birth

The average number of years a newborn infant would be expected to live if health and living conditions at the time of its birth remained the same throughout is life.

#### Marriage rate (or crude marriage rate)

The number of marriages per 1000 population in a given year.

#### Median age

The age that divides a population into two numerically equal groups; that is, half the people are younger than his age and half are older.

Population of the World
Population of Mongolia
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