I. Social indicators
According to the report of Ministry of Health, 65.7 thous.mothers delivered 65.9 thous.children in 2010. The number of mothers delivered children decreased by 2.9 thous or 4.2 percent compared to previous year.
In 2010, child mortality aged 1-5 increased by 107 or 44.6 percent to 347; while infant mortality decreased by 111 or 8.0 percent to 1275. The number of maternal deaths caused by pregnancy and delivery complications decreased by 26 or 46.4 percent to 30 during the time. The number of unemployed who had registered at Labour and Welfare Service Divisions in aimags and capital city and were actively looking for job reached 38.3 thous.persons at the end of December, 2010, reflecting a increase of 173 persons or 0.5 percent, compared to the previous year. Compared to the previous year, the increase in the number of registered unemployed was mainly due to the increase in Ulaanbaatar city (1411 persons), Tov (609 persons), Omnogovi (495 persons), Zavkhan (426 persons), Arkhangai (308 persons), Dundgovi (294 persons), Khovd (199 persons) and Khentii aimags (142 persons) respectively.
As of the beginning of 2010/2011 academic year, number of students and pupils in all levels of educational institutions reached 850.5 thous, increased by 9.4 thous or 1.1 percent compared to the previous year. In the 2009/2010 academic year, 139.5 thous.students and pupils graduated all levels of educational institutions, of which 90.2 thous.pupils graduated general education schools (53.5 thous.pupils 9th grade, 34.5 thous.pupils 11th grade), 15.1 thous.students graduated technical and vocational schools, 34.2 thous.students graduated universities, higher educational institutions and colleges...
According to the report of the State Social Insurance General Office, at the end of 2010, 576.0 thous.persons were registered as insurer, of which 356.7 thousand or 61.9 percent were those from the establishments, and 219.2 thousand or 38.1 percent from the public administration institutions.
Total amount of pension allocated from the social insurance fund reached 360.5 bln.tog in 2010, out of which retirement pension accounted for 73.6 percent, pension for disabled persons 12.6 percent, breadwinner loss pension 7.1 percent, and military pension 6.7 percent. In 2010, social welfare pensions and benefits allocated for 56.7 thous.people, showing an increase of 1.0 thous.people or 1.8 percent, total amount of the allocated fund increased by 2.8 bln.tog or 11.2 percent compared to the previous year.
In 2010, along with the decision to allocate 120.0 thous.tog to every citizen from the Human development fund, a total of 276.0 bln.tog were distributed to 2.6 mln.people.
In 2010, the number of infectious disease cases was 41.4 thousand, up by 2514 cases or 6.5 percent compared the previous year. The increase from the previous year was mainly due 2323 or 9.9 times increase in the number of persons infected by Enterovirus-71, and 2234 persons or 32.5 percent increase in viral hepatitis, 352 persons or 11.4 percent increase in shigellosis, but there was 386 or 23.3 percent decrease in the number of persons infected by varicella, 1144 persons or 19.8 percent in trichomoniasis, 975 persons or 19.8 percent in syphilis, 609 persons or 9.6 percent in gonococcal infection cases.
In 2010, 21 persons infected by HIV/AIDS were newly recorded and the total HIV/AIDS cases reached 83 at the national level. In December 2010, a new HIV/AIDS cases were not recorded.
The total number of crimes committed in 2010 was 19825, reflecting a decrease of 548 crimes or 2.7 percent compared to the previous year. In 2010, occurred crimes caused 7486 injuries, and 1191 deaths, down by 1107 persons or 12.9 percent and by 167 persons or 12.3 percent compared to previous year.
II. Macroeconomic indicators
The preliminary estimates of GDP by production approach reached 8255.1 bln.tog at current price, 4154.0 bln.tog at 2005 constant price in 2010, up by 25.3 percent at current price and 6.1 percent at constant price compared to the previous year.
The above increase in GDP for 2010 was mainly due to the 23.4 percent increase in wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles, 11.3 percent increase in manufacturing sector and 6.3 percent increase in mining and quarrying sector, respectively. The preliminary estimates of gross domestic product by expenditure approach reached 8420.7 bln.tog in 2010, increased by 1852.3 bln.tog or 28.2 percent compared to the previous year. The increase was mainly due to the growth in final consumption and gross capital formation.
The national consumer price index in December, 2010 increased by 2.4 percent compared to the previous month, and 13.0 percent compared to the same period of the previous year. Annual average inflation rate was 10.1 percent. The increase in national index compared to the previous month was mainly due to 5.2 percent increase in food and non-alcoholic beverages.
According to the report of the Bank of Mongolia, money supply (broad money or M2) at the end of 2010 reached to 4680.0 bln.tog, reflecting an increase of 740.4 bln.tog or 18.8 percent compared to the previous month, and an increase of 1800.0 bln.tog or 62.5 percent compared to the previous year.
At the end of 2010, currency issued in circulation reached 519.7 bln.tog, demonstrating an increase of 46.8 bln.tog or 9.9 percent compared to the previous month, and 147.9 bln.tog or 39.8 percent compared to the previous year.
Loans outstanding at the end of 2010, amounted to 3264.8 bln.tog, up by 152.3 bln.tog or 4.9 percent compared to the previous month, and up by 609.8 bln.tog or 23.0 percent compared to the previous year. Principals in arrears at the end of 2010, reached 90.6 bln.tog reflecting an increase of 0.3 bln.tog or 0.4 percent compared to the previous month, and decrease of 31.2 bln.tog or 25.6 percent compared to the previous year.
At the end of 2010, the non-performing loans over the bank system reached 374.4 bln.tog, showing an increase of 3.4 bln.tog or 0.9 percent compared to the previous month, and decrease of 87.6 bln.tog or 19.0 percent compared to the previous year.
Mongolian togrog exchange rates against US Dollar and EUR, which continually weakened in 2009 compared to same period of previous year, has appreciated since March 2010. Mongolian togrog against US Dollar appreciated by 5.8 percent to 1357.84 tog, against EUR by 10.1 percent to 1805.08 tog, against CNY by 4.7 percent to 200.93 tog, against RUB by 0.8 percent to 44.89 tog in 2010, compared to the previous year.
In 2010, there were total 253 trading days and 64.5 mln.shares valued at 92.9 bln.tog were traded. As of the preliminary result of 2010, total revenue and grants of the General Government Budget amounted to 3078.4 bln.tog and total expenditure and net lending amounted to 3076.3 bln.tog, representing a profit of 2.2 bln.tog in the General Government Budget overall balance. Current revenue of the General Government amounted to 3035.9 bln.tog and current expenditure reached 2271.2 bln.tog as of the preliminary result of 2010. Thus, the budget current balance was in profit of 764.7 bln.tog.
Compared to the previous year, tax revenue increased by 1053.0 bln.tog or 65.0 percent in 2010. The increase was mainly due to increase of 236.6 bln.tog or 2.3 times in windfall tax on some products, and of 185.2 bln.tog or 90.2 percent in corporate income tax and of 251.3 bln.tog or 77.1 percent in value added tax, and 101.8 bln.tog or 61.0 percent in excise tax.
Compared to the previous year, non-tax revenue increased by 10.2 bln.tog or 2.9 percent, out of which revenues from oil petroleum up by 29.1 bln.tog or 2.1 times and other revenues up by 27.8 bln.tog or 2.4 times, revenues from navigation fee up by 9.4 bln.tog or 42.4 percent, although the revenues from dividends decreased by 53.4 bln.tog or 49.2 percent.
As of the preliminary results of 2010, total expenditure and net lending of the General Government Budget increased by 739.6 bln.tog or 31.7 percent to 3076.3 bln.tog compared to the previous year. This was mainly due to increase of 247.1 bln.tog or 31.3 percent in subsidies and transfers, 74.6 bln.tog or 13.0 percent in wages and salaries, 149.0 bln.tog or 37.8 percent in purchase of other goods and services, 104.1 bln.tog or 22.6 percent in capital expenditure.
Spending of 564.7 bln.tog on capital expenditure as of the preliminary results of 2010 was higher by 104.1 bln.tog or 22.6 percent compared to the previous year. The increase in capital expenditure was due to an increase of 117.6 bln.tog or 27.1 percent in capital expenditure of domestic sources, although the foreign financed capital expenditure decreased by 13.5 bln.tog or 50.5 percent. In 2010, Mongolia traded with 132 countries from all over the world and total external trade turnover reached 6177.1 mln.US dollars, of which exports made up 2899.2 mln.US dollars and import made up 3277.9 mln.US dollars.
External trade balance showed a deficit of 378.7 mln.US dollars in 2010, increased by 126.4 mln.US dollars or 50.1 percent, compared to the previous year. Total external trade turnover increased by 2154.0 mln.US dollars or 53.5 percent, of which exports up by 1013.8 mln.US dollars or 53.8 percent, and imports up by 1140.2 mln.US dollars or 53.3 percent respectively, compared to the previous year.
Mineral products, natural or cultured stones, precious metal, jewelry, coins, textiles & textile articles live animals, animal origin products, raw & processed hides, skins, fur & articles thereof accounted for 98.0 percent of the total export value amount.
III. Economic sector indicators
At national level as of the end of 2010, 32.7 mln.livestock were counted, of which 1920.3 thous.horse, 2176.0 thous.cattle, 269.6 thous.camel, 14480.4 thous.sheeps and 13883.2 thous.goat. The total number of livestock decreased by 11.3 mln.heads or 25.7 percent compared to the previous year, of which horse by 301.0 percent or 13.5 thous, cattle by 423.3 thous or 16.3 percent, camel by 7.5 thous or 2.7 percent, sheep by 4.8 mln or 24.9 percent, goat by 5.8 mln or 29.4 percent. In 2010, 10.3 mln.head adult animals had lost, up by 8.6 mln.heads compared to the previous year.
In 2010, 355.1 thous.tons of cereals, 168.0 thous.tons of potatoes, 82.3 thous.tons of vegetables were harvested and 1132.3 thous.tons of gross hay harvest, 31.3 thous.tons of handmade fodder were produced. Cereals harvest decreased by 36.6 thous.tons or 9.3 percent, while potatoes increased by 16.7 thous.tons or 11.1 percent, vegetables by 4.3 thous.tons or 5.5 percent, gross hay harvest by 220.0 thous.tons or 24.1 percent, handmade fodder by 5.5 thous.tons or 21.1 percent compared to previous year.
In 2010, the total industrial output increased by 169.7 bln.tog or 10.0 percent to 1874.6 bln.tog (at 2005 constant prices) compared to the previous year. The increase in the industrial output was mainly due to 16.7-91.8 percent increase in main mining and quarrying products such as crude oil, fluor spar concentrate and coal; 11.2-69.0 percent increase in manufacturing products such as copper, lime, alcohol, metal steel, flour, solid concrete, cement, sawn wood, yoghurt, soft drinks, juice, metal foundries, fodder, milk; and 2.1-2.3 times increase in products such as steel casting, and iron ore.
Industrial output (at 2005 constant prices), in 2010, showed increase in mining of coal and lignite extraction of peat (91.8%), other mining and quarrying (19.5%), extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas (16.7%) for the mining and quarrying sector; manufacture of office accounting and computing (5.5 times), manufacture of rubber and plastics products (84.4%), production of non-metallic mineral products (54.0%), manufacture of wood and wooden products (35.6%), manufacture of basic metals (29.6%), manufacture of food products and beverages (24.0%), manufacture of chemicals and chemical products (18.2%), manufacture of wearing apparel, dressing and dyeing of fur (17.5%), publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media (7.6%), manufacture of tobacco products (2.9%) for the manufacturing sector compared to the previous year. For the electricity, thermal energy and water supply subdivision, there was an increase in production of electricity, thermal energy, and steam (6.4%).
In 2010, a total of 350.8 bln.tog of construction and installation work were carried out at the national level. Of which, 326.5 bln.tog or 93.1 percent of the work were executed by domestic entities, and 24.3 bln.tog or 6.9 percent by foreign entities. The 71.4 bln.tog or 25.6 percent increase of construction and installation work compared to the previous year was mainly due to the 75.9 bln.tog or 30.3 percent increase in works executed by domestic entities.
In 2010, 29.4 mln.tons freight and 250.7 mln.passengers (double counting) were carried by all types of transport, carried freight rose by 4.6 mln.tons or 18.7 percent, and carried passengers by 18.2 mln.persons or 7.8 percent.
According to the report of the Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, maximum precipitation was in Bayantes soum (16.4 mm) of Zavkhan aimag in December, 2010. Monkhhairkhan soum of Khovd aimag had the highest air temperature (16.0°C), while Bayantes, Tosontsengel soums of Zavkhan aimag had lowest air temperature (-46.0°C). Maximum wind speed reached 34 m/sec in Tonkhil soum of Govi-Altai aimag and Bulgan soum of Omnogovi aimag.
Daily average concentration of nitrogen dioxide exceeded 28 times around 32nd Toirog, 26 times around West crossroad, 15 times around 1st micro district and the Offitseruudiin ordon, 8 times around Khan-Uul district of Ulaanbaatar city, 2 times around Kharkhorin market; daily average concentration of sulphur dioxide exceeded 29 times around 32nd Toirog, 25 times around West crossroad, 24 times around Offitseruudiin ordon and Kharkhorin market, 22 times around 1st micro district, 3 times around Khan-Uul district; particulate matter less than 10 micrograms exceeded 29 times around 32nd Toirog, 27 times around Kharkhorin market, 12 times around Khan-Uul district, 11 times around 1st micro district, 9 times around West crossroad; particulate matter less than 2.5 micrograms exceeded 25 times around West crossroad from the maximum allowable concentration of air quality standard in December, 2010.
In 2010, 2976 disasters and accidents occurred. As a result, 223 people died, 9.7 mln.livestock and animals had lost. By the types of disasters, 2541 object fires, 120 river and lake accidents, 104 times forest and steppe fires, 35 cases of animal madness disease, 32 heavy storms, 31 earthquakes more than 3 magnitude. Estimated damage caused by the disasters amounted to 534.8 bln.tog.