As defined by the Law on Statistics of Mongolia, the term "users of statistics" refers to "legal entities, Mongolian and foreign citizens and stateless persons who use statistical information and data in their activities. The following users are assumed to be applicable to this context.

• Policy makers and decision makers
• Scientific researchers and scholars
• Educational institutions
• Data processing experts and specialists
• Project officers
• Businessmen
• Non-governmental organizations
• Individuals and the general public

     Major users of official statistical information and data include the State Ikh Khural, the Presidency, and the Government. In addition to reporting to the Parliament, the NSO also works in close cooperation with the agencies of the executive authority. Becoming a reporting body of the Parliament ensures the independent, professional status of the NSO as well as marks the significance and magnitude of its role and activities in society.
    The NSO organized an expanded discussion on enhancing the registration and reporting system in Mongolia under the auspices of the President of Mongolia and this demonstrated that the state places high attention to the statistical activities. As part of this event the President of Mongolia visited the National Statistics Office on October 10, 2006, during which he expressed his continuous support and gave comments and directions on issues to consider in future activities.

    The Council of the NSO consists of representatives from the Parliament, the Government, and other users while the chairman of the Office has a right to directly consult with the Parliamentary sub-committees, Government, and other relevant organizations and participate in State Ikh Khural sessions, meetings of sub-committees, and regular Cabinet sessions with an advisory power

    The Millennium Development Goals were ratified by the State Ikh Khural Resolution #25 of 2005, and according to the President's decree, the development of a comprehensive National Development Strategy fully consistent with MDGs for national prosperity is now underway. The Working Group headed by the Prime Minister of Mongolia, appointed to develop the National Development Strategy, includes the chairman of the NSO, and the NSO has assumed the task to provide information and data necessary in the Strategy development process. These facts show the role of the NSO in the society as well as the demand for statistical information and data. The NSO is given tasks to, in cooperation with relevant professional organizations, define the criteria for the MDG, create a database, and provide information and data to the state, public and other users, which has become the Office's objectives in near future.

     In order to built and promote a close relationship between the producers and users of statistics, various meetings and conferences held for various levels including users consultative meetings, meetings of the steering councils for various survey and research projects, working group meeting, interministerial and inter-agency meetings, census and survey information dissemination meetings and various training courses for users. There is also a permanent council at the NSO to assist in official statistical activities and maintain methodological uniformity through advisory power, representing the State Ikh Khural, the government, scientific research institutes, and users, which is a bridge that connects statisticians and the users.

    The NSO, as provided in the statistical law of Mongolia, is responsible for disseminating statistical information and data and results of surveys; ensuring transparency of statistics; providing statistical information to government organizations free of charge; actively participating in events organized by foreign countries or international statistical or other specialized organizations; establishing cooperation with them to the extent provided in Mongolian laws and multilateral treaties; and sending them statistical information regarding the country's economy and society. To ensure these tasks to be achieved, it collects 58 statistical data from each aimag (province), 39 from each soum (sub-province), 39 from each bag, 58 from the capital city, 39 from each district, 39 from each khoroo, and 103 from government ministries and agencies on annual, quarterly, and monthly bases. 
    The NSO has carried out censuses such as "Population and Housing Census (2000)" and "Census of Business Entities (1991, 1994, 1998, 2006)", with the support of such international organizations as the UNFPA, UNICEF, World Bank, and Asian Development Bank. The surveys conducted with the suppoort of these organizations include "Living Standards Measurement Survey (1995, 1998, 2002, 2003)", "Child Development survey" (1996, 2000, 2005-2006)", "Reproductive Health Survey (1998, 2003)", "Time Use Survey (2000)", "Labour Force and Child Labor Survey" (2002-2003, 2006)", "Disability survey", "Workers in Business Entities Survey", "Participatory Living Standards Measurement Survey (2000, 2005)" and other sample surveys. Results of these censuses and surveys is available for public.

    These activities have greatly helped enhance and streamline statistical methodology, improve scientific bases, conduct analyses on statistical information and data using statistics methods, forecast future perspectives, expand the scope of censuses, researches, and surveys, and expant the outreach of resulting information and data.

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